Is aspirin a stimulant

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Aspirinalso called acetylsalicylic acidderivative of salicylic acid that is a mild nonnarcotic analgesic pain reliever useful in the relief of headache and muscle and t aches. Aspirin is effective in reducing feverinflammationand swelling and thus has been used for treatment of rheumatoid arthritisrheumatic feverand mild infection. In these instances, aspirin generally acts on the symptoms of disease and does not modify or shorten the duration of a disease. However, because of its ability to inhibit the production of blood platelet aggregates which may cut off the blood supply to regions of the heart or brainaspirin has also been used as an anticoagulant in the treatment of conditions such as unstable angina or following a minor stroke or heart attack.

Aspirin is sometimes used in the prevention of certain diseases, though its role as a preventive agent is controversial because of the risk of adverse effects. For example, daily intake of low-dose aspirin 75— mg was associated with a reduced risk of heart attack or stroke in high-risk individuals. In addition, studies found that long-term use of low-dose aspirin potentially lowers the risk of colon cancer in some persons and is associated with a reduced risk of death from several types of cancerincluding certain forms of colon cancer as well as lung cancer and esophageal cancer.

Later studies, however, indicated that long-term low-dose aspirin use was more likely to lead to complications, such as increased bleeding, than to ificantly lower disease risk, particularly in the Is aspirin a stimulant of cardiovascular disease. Aspirin acts by inhibiting the production of prostaglandinsbody chemicals that are necessary for blood clotting and are noted for sensitizing nerve endings to pain. The use of aspirin has been known to cause allergic reaction and gastrointestinal problems in some people.

It has also been linked to the development in children primarily those 2 to 16 years old of Reye syndromean acute disorder of the liver and central nervous system that may follow viral infections such as influenza and chickenpoxand to the development of age-related macular degeneration a blinding disorder in some persons who use the drug regularly over many years.

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Like almost all drugs, aspirin is to be avoided during pregnancy. Compare acetaminophen ; ibuprofen. Additional Info. Print Cite verified Cite. While every effort has been made to follow citation style rules, there may be some discrepancies. Please refer to the appropriate style manual or other sources if you have any questions.

Facebook Twitter. Give Feedback External Websites. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article requires. External Websites. Aspirin Pills. See all media. Also Known As: acetylsalicylic acid Show more. Full Article. on This Topic. Acetylsalicylic acid, or aspirin, which is derived from salicylic acid, is the most widely used mild analgesic.

It is considered the prototype Learn More in these related Britannica articles:. It is considered the prototype for anti-inflammatory analgesics, the two other major types of which include acetaminophen a derivative of phenacetin and the aspirin-like drugs, or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs NSAIDswhich….

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Progress was being made simultaneously with the sulfonal hypnotics and the barbiturate group of drugs, and early in the 20th century Paul Ehrlich of Germany successfully developed an organic compound containing arsenic—, denoting how many tests…. Some angiosperm…. History at your fingertips. up here to see what happened On This Dayevery day in your inbox! address. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox.

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