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German chemists originally synthesized MDMA, or ecstasy, for pharmaceutical purposes in German chemists discovered 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine, or MDMA, in while developing other medicines that could stop bleeding.
The substance, they discovered, had unique psychoactive properties. The pharmaceutical company Merck patented MDMA in as a compound that could have pharmaceutical value. It would be several decades before further drug development would take place. During the Cold War both the U. MK-Ultraa CIA project started in the s, worked on the application of psychedelics for mind control.
The project became notorious for testing psychoactive drugs on unwitting subjects. These experiments produced the first known toxicology studies of MDMA. They thought it made their patients more willing to communicate and participate in the psychotherapy process. But by the s, ecstasy or molly had become more widely known as a party drug.
MDMA is usually taken as a pill, capsule or tablet. The pills can be different colors, and they sometimes have cartoon-like images or words printed on them. Some people think that this makes molly safer than other types of MDMA. This, however, is a potentially dangerous myth. Even pure MDMA may have side effects including increased heart rate, blurred vision, nausea, faintness, chills, and muscle tension. Ecstasy and molly have properties similar to both a stimulant and a hallucinogen.
It takes about 15 minutes for ecstasy to enter the bloodstream and reach the brain. Users may experience a sense of euphoria and a surge in energy or activity level while using ecstasy. The drug also triggers hormones in the brain that can increase feelings of sexual arousal, trust, emotional closeness and empathy with other ecstasy users. Not all effects are positive. Ecstasy can cause spikes in heart rate and blood pressure which can be dangerous for people with heart or blood vessel problems.
Ecstasy also raises core body temperature. The risk of ecstasy deaths increases in hot environments such as crowded nightclubs or outdoor music venues, yet even at normal temperatures, ecstasy can kill by overheating the body.
Ecstasy has long been associated with rave culture and electronic dance music EDM events. They may be characterized by drug use, loud music and a psychedelic atmosphere. Raves first appeared in the United States and Europe in the s, around the time that ecstasy was becoming a popular street drug. It quickly became a mainstay at raves. Rave culture and electronic dance music culture are often characterized by a sense of harmony and acceptance. Users may take ecstasy and other drugs to enhance sensory perception and create feelings of euphoria.
Since the mids, there have been several ecstasy-related deaths at high-profile electronic dance music festivals, including Electric Daisy Carnival and Electric Zoo. National Institute on Drug Abuse. Raves: a review of the culture, the drugs and the prevention of harm. Canadian Medical Association Journal. National Institute on Drug Abuse for Teens.
Journal of Psychoactive Drugs. The Atlantic. Subscribe for fascinating stories connecting the past to the present. LSD, or lysergic acid diethylamide, is a hallucinogenic drug that was first synthesized a Swiss scientist in the s. For thousands of years, indigenous people in the Amazon Rainforest and Andes Mountains have chewed coca leaves to get an energetic high.
European scientists first isolated cocaine from coca A Japanese chemist first synthesized methamphetamine—also called meth, crank, crystal meth or speed—from another stimulant in Methamphetamine was used early on as a medical treatment for narcolepsy, asthma and as a weight-loss drug. Marijuana, also known as cannabis or pot, has a long history of human use.
The history of cannabis cultivation in America dates back to the early colonists, Heroin, morphine, and other opiates trace their origins to a single plant—the opium poppy. Cultivation of the plant dates back to the earliest years of human civilization, and opium use was well known in ancient Mesopotamia. The narcotic drug has been used both recreationally Drug trafficking in the United States dates back to the 19th century.
From opium to marijuana to cocaine, a variety of substances have been illegally imported, sold and distributed throughout U. Early Opium Trade in the United The War on Drugs is a phrase used to refer to a government-led initiative that aims to stop illegal drug use, distribution and trade by dramatically increasing prison sentences for both drug dealers and users. The movement started in the s and is still evolving today.
MK-Ultra was a top-secret CIA project in which the agency conducted hundreds of clandestine experiments—sometimes on unwitting U. Though Project The Woodstock Music Festival began on August 15,as half a million people waited on a dairy farm in Bethel, New York, for the three-day music festival to start. Live TV. This Day In History. History Vault. Fast Facts About the War on Drugs. The Capture of Manuel Noriega. LSD LSD, or lysergic acid diethylamide, is a hallucinogenic drug that was first synthesized a Swiss scientist in the s.
History of Meth A Japanese chemist first synthesized methamphetamine—also called meth, crank, crystal meth or speed—from another stimulant in Marijuana Marijuana, also known as cannabis or pot, has a long history of human use. Heroin, Morphine and Opiates How mdma is made, morphine, and other opiates trace their origins to a single plant—the opium poppy.
War on Drugs The War on Drugs is a phrase used to refer to a government-led initiative that aims to stop illegal drug use, distribution and trade by dramatically increasing prison sentences for both drug dealers and users. Woodstock The Woodstock Music Festival began on August 15,as half a million people waited on a dairy farm in Bethel, New York, for the three-day music festival to start.How mdma is made
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Methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA or 'Ecstasy') drug profile