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There are many varieties of rat with different coat and eye colours. These include white, cinnamon, blue and parti- coloured coats with dark or pink eyes. Male rats are called bucks, females are does and babies are known as kittens. On average, they live for around two and a half years. To avoid unwanted babies, the best option is usually a pair or group of the same sex.
Rats will breed frequently from as early as five weeks old, producing a litter of eight or more young each time. Females can become pregnant again within 24 hours of giving birth. The best place to buy a rat is from a reputable breeder and a baby should be at least six weeks old.
Make sure they have been properly sexed and separated from the opposite sex by the time the males are five weeks old. If you buy from a pet shop, staff should be able to handle the rats confidently and show you how to tell what sex they are. Make sure all animals in the shop are in clean, good-sized cages with fresh food and water. Blue Cross occasionally takes in pet rats for rehoming — please contact your local centre for details. Before buying your new pets, be sure you can give them enough time.
The best home for your rats is a wire cage — the larger and taller the better, as rats are active and love to climb. Hamster cages are not big enough.
A rat cage should be at least 90cm long, by 60cm deep, by cm tall. The floor should be solid rather than wire, with a solid tray underneath, to avoid a rat trapping and injuring its feet or limbs. Litter should be put on the floor to absorb ammonia from droppings. Litter training your rats will help to keep their cage clean. Use dust-extracted bedding to avoid respiratory problems. Rats also need a nest box where they can sleep and enjoy a bit of peace and quiet. A cardboard box with shredded paper bedding is ideal. They also enjoy a hammock hanging in their cage — this can easily be made from an old towel or similar material.
Rats are susceptible to extreme cold and heat dehydration, both of which can be fatal, so make sure the cage is in a suitable environment away from direct sunlight and draughts. Rats are omnivores and love a varied diet that includes grains, vegetables and a protein source such as dry dog food. Commercial mixes are available from pet shops. While rats are fond of titbits and household scraps, do not let them get too fat. They enjoy occasional pieces of fruit, vegetables, peanuts and sunflower seeds, but these can cause skin problems, so should be a rare treat. Fresh, clean water must always be available.
If a water bottle is used it should be cleaned, refilled and checked daily to ensure it is not Free rats to good home or leaking. Check your rat daily for any general s of ill health, such as loss of appetite or lethargy. Be wary of buying a rat from somewhere with many other rats, particularly if any of them have rapid or noisy breathing. Other respiratory problems are also common in rats.
Red discharge around the eyes or nose is a of illness and stress, although the redness is not blood but a natural pigment in the mucus. Some rats develop tumours as they get older — these are more common in females. While rats can be easily castrated, it is generally only necessary to prevent unwanted breeding or to stop the occasional aggression towards other rats or humans.
Rats are naturally very clean and spend a lot of time grooming themselves, although some may need their tails cleaned occasionally. This should be done gently with mild animal shampoo. Keep doors and windows closed and block cracks in floorboards, as rats can get through seemingly impassable gaps. Keep house plants out of the way because some are poisonous to rats. Electric cables should be passed through piping so they cannot be chewed. Rats may enjoy toys such as pieces of plastic drainpipe or cardboard boxes, but avoid wheels with spokes as they can cause a serious injury. Rats naturally live in social groups so it is unfair to keep one alone.
Rats that are handled correctly soon after they are born will enjoy it. To help them get used to you, try carrying them around the house inside your jumper! Never pick up a rat by its tail as this can injure them. Instead, put Free rats to good home hand underneath its chest behind its forelegs, and support the hindlegs with your other hand, holding but not squeezing. Children will enjoy handling rats, but must be supervised to make sure they do not hold them too tightly. Rats make good companions for children and adults.
However, they do need daily social interaction and time out of their cage, so it is important that everyone in the family is keen on the idea of keeping rats as pets. Rats need larger cages than the smaller rodents but, being larger, they are easier to handle than small rodents. We provide free pet advice as every pet deserves to be well looked after. We treated around 35, sick injured and homeless pets last year. We're so glad we've been able to help these pets who are unable to help themselves, but there are thousands of sick and lonely pets still in need, so we need to ask for a small favour.
All of our work is funded entirely through donations. People like you are essential to our work. If everyone who benefits from our articles is able to give a little back, we can reach thousands more pets. Thank you.
Caring for your rat. Top tips: How to look after your pet rat Pet rats are clean, intelligent, enjoy human company and make wonderful pets Although pet rats belong to the same species as the wild rat, they should not be viewed in the same way Provided that pet rats have been handled and socialised correctly from birth, you can share your home with them free from worry that they will be aggressive or spread disease. More from Blue Cross. Getting a small pet Choosing the right small pet.
Health, Training and games Most bizarre ways to make sure your small pet has fun when playing. Getting a hamster, Health Find out what fruit hamsters love to eat. Getting a Guinea pig, Health Caring for your guinea pig. Did you find this helpful? Support Blue Cross. Social links Facebook Instagram Twitter Youtube. Show your suppawt We can't load the tweets right now.
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How to make your rats feel at home